1 Plantagenet impaling Hainault
2 Plantagenet impaling de Bohunt
3 Bourchier impaling Plantagenett
4 Chichester impaling Bourchier
5 Courtenay quartering de Redvers impaling Champernowne.t
6. Chichester impaling Chamernowne
7. Coppleston impaling Chichester
8. Bamfylde impaling Coppleston
9 Bastard impaling Bamfyldet
10 Pollexfen impaling Specott
11 Pollexfen impaling Stretchley
12 Pollexfen impaling Woollcombe
13 Pollexfen impaling Harris
14 Bastard impaling Pollexfent
15 Vere impaling Cecilt
16 Herbert impaling Vere
17 Poullett impaling Herbert
18.Poulett impaling Bertiet
19 Bastard quartering Pollexfen impaling Poulett.
20 Bastard quartering Pollexfen impaling Worseley
21 Bastard quartering Pollexfen impaling Pownoll
22 Bastard quartering Pollexfen impaling Wymondesold.
23 Bastard quartering Pollexfen impaling Woollcombe
24 Bastard quartering Pollexfen impaling Foster
25 Dexter, quarterly of nine pieces
26 Bastard impaling Crispin
27 Bastard impaling Rodney
28 Bastard impaling Fitz Stephen
29 Bastard quartering Pollexfen impaling Scrope
30 Bastard impaling Besilles
31 Bastard impaling Damarell
32 Gilbert impaling Compton
33 Bastard impaling Gilbert
34 Boleigh impaling Bodrigan
35 Killiowe impaling Boleigh
36 Killiowe impaling Trevillian
37 Bastard impaling Killiowe
38 Reynell impaling Walrond
39 Reynell impaling Fortescue
40 Bastard impaling Reynell
41 Hele impaling Glanville
42 Bastard impaling Hele
43 Bampfylde impaling Wadham
44 Bampfylde impaling Drake
The marriage depicted by this impalement is that of Amias Copleston de Copleston of Tamerton Foliot, son and heir of John, to Gertrude, daughter of Sir John Chichester c1600. She was the great granddaughter of Edward Chichester (q.v. shield 4). The family name of Coppleston is derived from the place of that name in Colebrook, near Crediton, where the family held estates in the time of King Edward II. Intriguingly, there are two Pawlet marriages in these converging lines – one a family (latterly spelt Poulett) into which the Bastards later married (q.v. shield 19), but about whom little of any substance is known (q.v. shields 17 & 18).
There is a name of greater interest in the Chichester line – Gertrude’s greatx5 grandfather, yet another Sir John, carried the Chichester arms into battle on the fields of Agincourt in 1415, one of only a handful of English Knights to have fought there. During a period from which contemporary accounts are full of the heroic deeds of knights &c, that day belonged to those in the lower echelons of society, the peasants who marched on foot in unkempt garb, the five thousand or so English archers who stood their ground as fifteen thousand and more cavalrymen, most of the French nobility amongst them, charged down upon them. The rest, as they say, is history!
These momentous events also have particular relevance in connection with heraldry, for this was the era when the regulation of arms was beginning to be enforced for the first time, for some were usurping the coasts of others, or assuming arms which they had no right to bear. When King Henry V mounted another expedition to France two years later, he issued a writ to the effect that stiff penalties would be imposed against anyone travelling with him who bore arms to which they might not be entitled. The only exceptions were the arms borne by the few knights who had fought at Agincourt.
Present generations interested in English history delight in reading the chronicles of this “glorious” age of warfare, when the English longbow ruled the battlefields of Europe. But, although accounts of these battles tend to “glorify” the actions of those who took part in them – and the present writer readily acknowledges that he, too, is “guilty” of doing so – it is the remoteness of the events in time, and the relatively primitive nature of the weapons used, which leads to this “glorification” of war. And it must not be forgotten that warfare at any period of history is a bloody and ugly business.
In connection with the present discussions, the brutal reality of war is
brought home to present generations writing or reading about the heroic deeds
of members of ancient gentry families by a memorial which hangs in Drewsteignton
church. It commemorates the death of Robert Guy Incledon Chichester. He was
killed leading the Scots Greys into battle at Ypres in 1914. There was nothing
even remotely “glorious” about fighting in the savage and squalid
conditions of trench warfare in Flanders in 1914, and no present writer or
reader would even countenance suggesting it. Surmounting the memorial at Drewsteignton
is the same coat of arms which Robert G I Chichester’s ancestor carried
at Agincourt five centuries earlier.